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Thermo-optical properties of uniaxial NaT(XO4)2 laser host crystals (where T = Y, La, Gd or Bi, and X = W or Mo)

AuthorsHan, Xiumei ; Yumashev, K. V.; Serrano, María Dolores; Cascales, Concepción ; Zaldo, Carlos
Issue Date2013
CitationApplied Physics B 111(2): 279-287 (2013)
AbstractThermo-optic coefficients dn o/dT and dn e/dT were measured in tetragonal double tungstate and double molybdate crystals NaT(XO4)2 (where T = Y, La, Gd or Bi and X = W or Mo) by a laser beam deviation method in the spectral range 0.4-1.1 μm. Thermal expansion coefficients in the directions of a and c crystallographic axes were also measured. Analytical expressions for thermo-optic dispersion formulas were derived as series in 1/λ 2. All dn/dT values for NaT(XO 4)2 crystals were found to be negative. Their absolute values satisfy the relation |dn e/dT| > |dn o/dT| for crystals without Bi and |dn o/dT| > |dn e/dT| for crystals with Bi. A clear tendency for dn/dT values to decrease with the increase of the volumetric thermal expansion coefficient α vol of the crystal was observed. This is related with dominant contribution of volumetric thermal expansion effect to the temperature dependence of the refractive index. Thermal coefficients of the optical path W = dn/dT + (n - 1)α T governing thermal lensing effect were calculated for different light propagation directions and polarizations as well as crystal athermal directions. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s00340-012-5331-z
issn: 0946-2171
e-issn: 1432-0649
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