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Título

Are the mesothelial-to-mesenchymal transition, sclerotic peritonitis syndromes, and encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis part of the same process?

Autor Loureiro, Jesús; González-Mateo, Guadalupe; Jiménez-Heffernan, José; Selgas, Rafael; López Cabrera, Manuel; Aguilera-Peralta, Aberlado
Fecha de publicación 2013
EditorHindawi Publishing Corporation
Citación International Journal of Nephrology 2013 (2013)
ResumenMesothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (MMT) is an autoregulated physiological process of tissue repair that in uncontrolled conditions, such as peritoneal dialysis (PD), can lead to peritoneal fibrosis. The maximum expression of sclerotic peritoneal syndromes (SPS) is the encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) for which no specific treatment exists. The SPS includes a wide range of peritoneal fibrosis that appears progressively and is considered as a reversible process, while EPS does not. EPS is a serious complication of PD characterized by a progressive intra-abdominal inflammatory process that results in bridles and severe fibrous tissue formation which cover and constrict the viscera. Recent studies show that transdifferentiated mesothelial cells isolated from the PD effluent correlate very well with the clinical events such as the number of hemoperitoneum and peritonitis, as well as with PD function (lower ultrafiltration and high Cr-MTC). In addition, in peritoneal biopsies from PD patients, the MMT correlates very well with anatomical changes (fibrosis and angiogenesis). However, the pathway to reach EPS from SPS has not been fully and completely established. Herein, we present important evidence pointing to the MMT that is present in the initial peritoneal fibrosis stages and it is perpetual over time, with at least theoretical possibility that MMT initiated the fibrosing process to reach EPS. © 2013 Jesús Loureiro et al.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/263285
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/95484
DOI10.1155/2013/263285
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1155/2013/263285
issn: 2090-214X
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