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Faba bean gene-pools development for low-input agriculture: Understanding early stages of natural selection

AuthorsSuso Llamas, María José ; Río, Rosario del
KeywordsSpecific adaptation
Vicia faba
Pollination strategies
Phenotypic selection
Floral traits
Breeding for low-input
Issue Date31-Oct-2013
CitationEuphytica 196(1): 77-93 (2014)
AbstractSix faba bean gene-pools were cultivated to develop locally adapted genetic material for low-input (LI) systems that take advantage of the observed benefit of LI agriculture in pollinator density and diversity. Bee pollinators intensify selection on floral traits important in attraction and mechanical-fit but may also select for traits that increase seed set through outcrossing and aided selfing. Our research is focused on examining the impact of natural selection in crop performance under different pollination management strategies, taking into account traits relevant for the inter-phase plant and pollinator. Architectural and floral patterns are the result of natural selection and they reflect local adaptation to factors of the environment and adaptations to differences in pollination management strategy. However, seed production patterns seem to be affected by natural selection in an inconsistent way. Principal Component models showed a large proportion of the temporal variation accounted by plant height and number of open flowers and by floral shape and sexual dimensions. Discriminant Analysis indicated that plant architecture and floral traits related to pollinators are also the result of selection for particular patterns in each pollination management strategy. Flowers with an increase in the zygomorphy were favored under the open-pollination. Our work confirms the need for careful management of plant-pollinator inter-phase in faba bean breeding for LI systems. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10681-013-1015-y
Identifiersissn: 0014-2336
e-issn: 1573-5060
Appears in Collections:(IAS) Artículos
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