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Assessment of spatial variability in water erosion rates in an olive orchard at plot scale using a magnetic iron oxide tracer

AutorGuzmán, Gema ; Vanderlinden, Karl; Giráldez, Juan Vicente ; Gómez Calero, José Alfonso
Fecha de publicaciónmar-2013
EditorSoil Science Society of America
CitaciónSoil Science Society of America Journal 77(2): 350-361 (2013)
ResumenThe combination of runoff plot studies and soil tracking using a silt size magnetic sediment tracer, allowed a better understanding of the relative contribution of different zones in olive (Olea europaea L.) orchard plots to total soil losses. The average erosion rates were different in the tree rows (tr) (0.8 kg m-2 mo-1) and in the inter-tree rows (itr) (1.4 kg m-2mo-1), inter-tree rills (r) being the most eroded areas (4 kg m-2 mo-1) from October 2008 to April 2010. Since soil under the olive canopies has a high infiltration capacity, splash is a major erosion process in this area, while, in the itr, sheet and rill erosion are the dominant processes. The proposed magnetic tracer technology was an effective tool for determining the cumulative soil losses at the plots for a 17 mo period (average 141 Mg ha-1) with an accuracy of 7.2 Mg ha-1. To achieve this accuracy, determination of bulk density, selectiveness in the transport process, tracer distribution in the soil profile and field calibration of the magnetic susceptibility probe were required. The evolution of tracer distribution provided insight into soil displacement within the runoff plots due to erosion processes. The tracer distribution maps also indicate a high coefficient of variability of the incorporation of tagged soil into the plot, which should be improved in future research to increase the usefulness of this approach in water erosion studies. Copyright © 2013 by the Soil Science Society of America, Inc.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.2136/sssaj2012.0219
issn: 0361-5995
e-issn: 1435-0661
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