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Testing the validity of a Cd soil quality standard in representative Mediterranean agricultural soils under an accumulator crop

AuthorsRecatalá Boix, Luis ; Sánchez Díaz, Juan ; Arbelo, C.; Sacristán Moraga, Daniel
KeywordsCd toxicity
Biomass test
European Mediterranean Region
Agricultural soils
Valencian Region
Lactuca sativa
Issue DateDec-2010
CitationScience of the Total Environment 409(1): 9-18 (2010)
AbstractThe validity of a quality standard for cadmium (Cd) in representative agricultural Mediterranean soils under an accumulator crop (Lactuca sativa L.) is evaluated in this work considering both its effect on the crop growth (biomass production) and the metal accumulation in the edible part of the plant. Four soils with different properties relevant to regulate the behaviour of heavy metals were selected from the Valencian Region, a representative area of the European Mediterranean Region. For all soils, the effective concentration of added Cd causing 50% inhibition (EC50) on the biomass production was much higher than the minimum legal concentration used to declare soils as contaminated by cadmium, i.e. 100 times the baseline value for Cd, in Spain (Spanish Royal Decree 9/2005). As expected, Cd toxicity in the crop was higher in the soils having less carbonate content. On the other hand, for all soils, from the second dose on, which represents 10-times the baseline value for Cd, the metal content in crops exceeded the maximum level established for leaf crops by the European legislation (Regulation EC no. 466/2001). Soil salinity and coarse textures make the accumulation of Cd in the edible part of the plant easier. Therefore, the legal baseline soil cadmium content established by the Spanish legislation seems not valid neither from the point of view of the effect on the crop growth nor from the point of view of the metal accumulation in the edible part of the plant. In order to realistically declare contaminated soils by heavy metals, soil quality standards should be proposed taking into account the soil properties. Further research in other agricultural areas of the region would improve the basis for proposing adequate soil quality standards for heavy metals as highlighted by the European Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.09.021
issn: 0048-9697
Appears in Collections:(CIDE) Artículos
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