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Functional poly(urethane-imide)s containing Lewis bases for SO2 detection by Love surface acoustic wave gas micro-sensors

AuthorsJiménez Riobóo, R. J. ; Jonquières, Anne
KeywordsFunctional polymers
SAW gas sensors
Sulfur dioxide
Tertiary amines
Issue Date2013
CitationSensors and Actuators B: Chemical 185: 309-320 (2013)
AbstractFunctional polymers containing Lewis bases are known as promising materials for the elaboration of highly sensitive micro-sensors for acid gas detection. In this work, poly(urethane-imide)s (PUIs) with Lewis bases were synthesized in two steps only from various functional diols (N-methyldiethanolamine, N-tert-butyldiethanolamine, N-phenyldiethanolamine and 1,4-diethanolpiperazine) containing one or two tertiary amine groups with different chemical structures. The synthesis led to high yields, high molecular weights and a good control of the PUI amine content. These good film-forming polymers were then used as SO2 sensitive coatings on Love surface acoustic wave (L-SAW) micro-sensors. The physical and mechanical properties required for an optimal micro-sensor design were determined by High Resolution Brillouin Spectroscopy of PUI thin layers. Three-layer micro-sensors were developed by respecting the conditions for the L-SAW generation. The three-layer structure included Quartz ST-90 as the piezoelectric substrate, a ZnO guiding layer and a PUI sensitive layer. These micro-sensors were weakly sensitive to temperature and thus compatible with the targeted application. The experimental results for SO 2 detection showed that all the PUI coatings greatly improved the sensitivity compared to a micro-sensor without polymer coating. The basicity of the amine groups was not determining for the micro-sensor sensitivity to the SO2 acid gas and the key factor was their steric hindrance. Finally, the micro-sensor sensitivity increased with the accessibility of the amine groups in the order Piperazine-diol < tBu-DEA ≅ Ph-DEA ≪ MDEA. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.snb.2013.04.120
issn: 0925-4005
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