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Dense carbon monoliths for supercapacitors with outstanding volumetric capacitances

AutorKunowsky, M.; García, M. A.; Barranco, Violeta ; Rojo, J. M. ; Ibáñez, Joaquín; Carruthers, J. D.; Linares-Solano, A.
Fecha de publicación2014
EditorElsevier
CitaciónCarbon 68: 553-562 (2014)
ResumenA commercially available dense carbon monolith (CM) and four carbon monoliths obtained from it have been studied as electrochemical capacitor electrodes in a two-electrode cell. CM has: (i) very high density (1.17 g cm-3), (ii) high electrical conductivity (9.3 S cm-1), (iii) well-compacted and interconnected carbon spheres, (iv) homogeneous microporous structure and (v) apparent BET surface area of 957 m 2g-1. It presents interesting electrochemical behaviors (e.g., excellent gravimetric capacitance and outstanding volumetric capacitance). The textural characteristics of CM (porosity and surface chemistry) have been modified by means of different treatments. The electrochemical performances of the starting and treated monoliths have been analyzed as a function of their porous textures and surface chemistry, both on gravimetric and volumetric basis. The monoliths present high specific and volumetric capacitances (292 F g-1 and 342 F cm-3), high energy densities (38 Wh kg-1 and 44 Wh L-1), and high power densities (176 W kg-1 and 183 W L-1). The specific and volumetric capacitances, especially the volumetric capacitance, are the highest ever reported for carbon monoliths. The high values are achieved due to a suitable combination of density, electrical conductivity, porosity and oxygen surface content. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/94037
DOI10.1016/j.carbon.2013.11.034
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.carbon.2013.11.034
issn: 0008-6223
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