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Título

Jelly biomass sinking speed reveals a fast carbon export mechanism

AutorLebrato, Mario; Mendes, Pedro; Steinberg, Deborah K.; Cartes, Joan Enric ; Jones, Bethan; Birsa, Laura M.; Benavides, Roberto; Oschlies, Andreas
Fecha de publicación2013
EditorAmerican Society of Limnology and Oceanography
CitaciónLimnology and Oceanography 58(3): 1113-1122 (2013)
ResumenSinking of gelatinous zooplankton biomass is an important component of the biological pump removing carbon from the upper ocean. The export efficiency, e.g., how much biomass reaches the ocean interior sequestering carbon, is poorly known because of the absence of reliable sinking speed data. We measured sinking rates of gelatinous particulate organic matter (jelly-POM) from different species of scyphozoans, ctenophores, thaliaceans, and pteropods, both in the field and in the laboratory in vertical columns filled with seawater using high-quality video. Using these data, we determined taxon-specific jelly-POM export efficiencies using equations that integrate biomass decay rate, seawater temperature, and sinking speed. Two depth scenarios in several environments were considered, with jelly-POM sinking from 200 and 600 m in temperate, tropical, and polar regions. Jelly-POM sank on average between 850 and 1500 m d−1 (salps: 800–1200 m d−1; ctenophores: 1200–1500 m d−1; scyphozoans: 1000–1100 m d−1; pyrosomes: 1300 m d−1). High latitudes represent a fast-sinking and low-remineralization corridor, regardless of species. In tropical and temperate regions, significant decomposition takes place above 1500 m unless jelly-POM sinks below the permanent thermocline. Sinking jelly-POM sequesters carbon to the deep ocean faster than anticipated, and should be incorporated into biogeochemical and modeling studies to provide more realistic quantification of export via the biological carbon pump worldwide
Descripción10 pages, 4 figures, 3 tables
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2013.58.3.1113
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/93861
DOI10.4319/lo.2013.58.3.1113
Identificadoresdoi: 10.4319/lo.2013.58.3.1113
issn: 0024-3590
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