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The Early Pleistocene Equidae from Pirro Nord (Apricena, Southern Italy)

AutorAlberdi, María Teresa ; Palombo, María Rita
Palabras claveEarly Pleistocene
Pirro Nord
Equus suessenbornensis
Equus altidens
Fecha de publicación2013
EditorSchweizerbart science publishers
CitaciónPalaeontographica, Abteilung A: Palaozoologie - Stratigraphie 298: 147- 167 (2013)
ResumenFossil horse remains from Pirro Nord (Southern Italy) are described and compared with the late Early to Middle Pleistocene equids from the main sites of Western and Central Europe (Spain, France, Italy and Germany). Morphological features and dimensions indicate the unequal occurrence of two horses, close in morphology but different in size as supported by the statistical analyses (PCA and DA) performed including the most significant samples of Spain (Venta Micena, Barranco León-5, Fuente Nueva-3, Huéscar-1, Cúllar de Baza-1), France (Soleilhac), Italy (Venosa Loreto, Ponte Galeria), and Germany (Süßenborn, Untermaßfeld). The middle-sized horse is identified as Equus altidens altidens von Reichenau, 1915, its similarity with to the late early to Early Middle Pleistocene specimens from Guadix-Baza basin and Süßenborn is briefly discussed in order to chronologically assess the Pirro Nord “population”. The second species Equus suessenbornensis Wüst, 1900, poorly represented, is larger and close to the type population of Süßenborn, as well to the latest Early-early Middle Pleistocene large equids from South-Eastern Spain (Cúllar de Baza-1 and Huéscar-1), and Italy (Venosa Loreto)
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1127/pala/298/2013/147
issn: 0375-0442
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