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The Southern European migrant-based care model Long-term care and employment trajectories in Italy and Spain

AuthorsGonzález Ferrer, Amparo ; Roit, Barbara da; Moreno Fuentes, Francisco Javier
KeywordsLong-term Care
Female Employment
Mediterranean Welfare Regime
Issue Date2013
PublisherTaylor & Francis
CitationEuropean Societies
SeriesVol.15, Issue 4
AbstractThe development of personal social services and female employment is intertwined, not only in the domain of childcare. With the ageing of the population, the changing forms of care and the developments in the eldercare labour market become crucial issues. The new risk of dependency represents a challenge, but also an opportunity. This paper provides an overview of the relationship between the development of long-term care policies and services in distinct European countries and female employment in the care sector. Whereas Northern European countries have developed policies in the field at an earlier stage and continental countries intervened with new policies in the last 10–15 years, in Southern Europe policies remain weak and fragmented. The paper concentrates on the case of Southern European countries, where the weakness of social policies and low development of services did not prevent the rise of a new care labour market. Next to still low employment rates among women, long-term care tends to be provided mainly by migrant care workers often in the underground economy regardless of their legal status. The last development is a key issue for Southern European countries, as discussed in the paper, not only for the current consequences on migrant workers, older people and their families, but also because it is likely to structure any possible future development in long-term care policies.
Publisher version (URL)http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14616696.2013.836405#.UxWsC_l5Pw8
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