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Dynamics of convective dissolution from a migrating current of carbon dioxide

AuthorsHidalgo, Juan J. ; MacMinn, Christopher W.; Juanes, Rubén
KeywordsCO2 sequestration
Gravity current
Sharp interface model
Convective dissolution
Issue DateDec-2013
CitationAdvances in Water Resources 62(C): 511-519 (2013)
AbstractDuring geologic storage of carbon dioxide (CO2), trapping of the buoyant CO2 after injection is essential in order to minimize the risk of leakage into shallower formations through a fracture or abandoned well. Models for the subsurface behavior of the CO2 are useful for the design, implementation, and long-term monitoring of injection sites, but traditional reservoir-simulation tools are currently unable to resolve the impact of small-scale trapping processes on fluid flow at the scale of a geologic basin. Here, we study the impact of solubility trapping from convective dissolution on the up-dip migration of a buoyant gravity current in a sloping aquifer. To do so, we conduct high-resolution numerical simulations of the gravity current that forms from a pair of miscible analogue fluids. Our simulations fully resolve the dense, sinking fingers that drive the convective dissolution process. We analyze the dynamics of the dissolution flux along the moving CO2-brine interface, including its decay as dissolved buoyant fluid accumulates beneath the buoyant current. We show that the dynamics of the dissolution flux and the macroscopic features of the migrating current can be captured with an upscaled sharp-interface model. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2013.06.013
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2013.06.013
issn: 0309-1708
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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