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Use of Arabidopsis thaliana to study mechanisms of control of Verticillium wilt by Pseudomonas fluorescens PICF7

AuthorsMaldonado-González, María Mercedes ; Bakker, Peter A. H. M.; Mercado-Blanco, Jesús
KeywordsPseudomonas fluorescens
Verticillium dahliae
Issue Date2012
PublisherUniversity of Ghent
CitationCommunications in agricultural and applied biological sciences 77(3): 23-28 (2012)
AbstractVerticillium wilt (VW), caused by Verticillium dahliae Kleb., is an important disease in many crops and its effective management has proven difficult. Among the various disease control measures to be implemented, the use of microbial antagonists (biological control agents, BCAs) constitutes an environmentally-friendly approach fitting criteria of modern sustainable agriculture. Pseudomonas fluorescens PICF7 was isolated from root tissues of nursery--propagated olive plants. Selection of this strain was based on in vitro growth inhibition of V. dahliae, colonizing ability of olive roots, endophytic lifestyle, and control of the highly-virulent defoliating (D) pathotype of V. dahliae in olive planting stocks. The mode of action by which PICF7 controls VW in olive is as yet unknown; moreover, to uncover potential biocontrol mechanisms poses additional difficulties in this pathosystem because the target is a tree. Therefore we used the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana to study: i) if PICF7 colonizes the rhizosphere of A. thaliana; ii) disease symptoms caused by V. dahliae in A. thaliana; iii) control of VW by PICF7 in different accessions and mutants of A. thaliana; and iv) if motility, antibiosis and/or siderophores are involved in control of V. dahliae by PICF7. Diverse bioassays were conducted and in all of them both the BCA and the pathogen were introduced in the rhizosphere of A. thaliana. Both D and non-defoliating isolates of V. dahliae caused disease symptoms in A. thaliana. PICF7 colonized and persisted in the rhizosphere of different Arabidopsis accessions and could control the D pathotype in some of them. PICF7 mutants affected in antibiosis significantly lost their ability to control VW in A. thaliana. We conclude that the model plant A. thaliana is useful to unravel interactions between this BCA and V. dahliae.
Identifiersissn: 1379-1176
Appears in Collections:(IAS) Artículos
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