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Chronological link between deep-seated processes in magma chambers and eruptions: Permo-Carboniferous magmatism in the core of Pangaea (Southern Pyrenees)

AuthorsPereira, M.F.; Castro, Alicia; Chichorro, M.; Fernández, C.; Díaz-Alvarado, J.; Martí Molist, Joan ; Rodríguez, C.
Cimmerian cycle
Variscan cycle
Paleotethys Ocean
Upper Carboniferous–Lower Permian
Issue Date2014
PublisherInternational Association for Godwana Research
CitationGondwana Research 25: 290-308 (2014)
AbstractIn the Southern Pyrenees there are Upper Carboniferous-Lower Permian sedimentary basins with a significant volume of volcanic material derived from explosive eruptions (rhyolitic ignimbrites and andesitic flows). These basins are spatially associated with granodiorites and dacitic dykes emplaced in Variscan basement rocks. U-Pb SHRIMP dating of zircons extracted from three granodiorites, an andesitic flow, a dacitic dyke and six ignimbrites, revealed that magmatism occurred over an extended period of thirty eight million years, from ca. 304. Ma to ca. 266. Ma (Upper Carboniferous-Middle Permian). A scattering of zircon ages in each sample shows that the history of melt crystallization was complex, with more than one zircon-forming event in each magma chamber. The prolonged crystallization history was transferred to the product of the eruptions. A chronological link between the deep-seated magma chambers and processes in eruptions was identified on the basis of four overlapping intervals at: ca. 309-307. Ma (Upper Carboniferous), ca. 304-296. Ma (Upper Carboniferous-Lower Permian), ca. 294-282. Ma (Lower Permian), and ca. 276. Ma (Lower Permian). The variation of zircon U/Th ratios exposes a tendency for an increase in mafic sources as crystallization advances in the Permian. Zircons probably crystallized from melt phases related to both a felsic-intermediate metaluminous source from ca. 310-293. Ma (mostly 0.1. <. Th/U. <. 0.6) to ca. 289-273. Ma (especially in the range 0.6. <. Th/U. <. 1) and a mafic source (mostly 1.2. <. Th/U. <. 1) at ca. 266-265. Ma. U-Pb zircon ages from volcanic and plutonic rocks of the Southern Pyrenees are consistent with the ages of the post-Variscan magmatism of Iberia associated with orocline generation and subduction of the Paleotethys Ocean (ca. 304-283. Ma), and in addition reveal a later magmatic event at ca. 276-266. Ma (Lower-Middle Permian). The location of the Iberian orocline in the core of Pangaea and near the western end of the subduction zone of the Paleotethys Ocean leads to the hypothesis that this later magmatic activity of the Southern Pyrenees could provide the missing link between the Variscan and Cimmerian cycles that acted sequentially in Permo-Carboniferous times. © 2013 International Association for Gondwana Research.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2013.03.009
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.gr.2013.03.009
issn: 1342-937X
Appears in Collections:(ICTJA) Artículos
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