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Optical quality of the cornea and the crystalline lens: Implementation of objective techniques and clinical applications

AutorBarbero, Sergio
DirectorMarcos, Susana
Palabras claveHuman eye
Optical aberrations
Optical quality
Total aberrometry
Corneal aberrometry
Crystalline lens
Refractive surgery
Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK)
Intraocular lens (IOL)
Spherical aberration
Fecha de publicación16-feb-2004
EditorConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
Universidad de Valladolid
ResumenIn this thesis we measured optical aberrations of the ocular components to assess optical quality in different clinical situations. For this purpose two different experimental techniques were implemented: A laser ray tracing technique, to measure total aberrations in the human eye, and virtual ray tracing on corneal elevation data provided by a videokeratoscope to evaluate aberrations of the anterior corneal surface. An analysis of the accuracy and precision of both techniques is presented, using model surfaces and measurements on real eyes. Eye modelling using optical design software has also been used to evaluate theoretical aberrations in configurations not available experimentally. A cross-validation test of total and corneal aberrometry is performed by measuring aberrations in eyes where corneal aberrations are predominant: a pathology that degrades the corneal surface (keratoconus) and eyes without crystalline lens (aphakic eyes). In addition, measurements in keratoconus reveal that coma is the predominant aberration in this condition. Comparison of corneal and internal aberrations in both eyes of an unilateral aphakic subject allow to discuss the effects of interactions of corneal and internal aberrations and the potential role of the posterior cornea. The optical changes induced by corneal refractive surgery (LASIK) for myopia were evaluated in 14 eyes.
We found a significant increase in total aberrations, which mostly can be attributed to changes in the anterior corneal aberrations. Direct comparison of corneal and total aberrations allowed assessment of the role of the pre-operative internal aberration in the individual optical outcomes. Also, this comparison revealed changes in the internal aberrations with LASIK, that must be attributed the posterior surface corneal aberrations. The optical performance of rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lens was evaluated in four contact lens wearers, measuring anterior and total aberrations with and without their contact lenses. Aberrations decreased significantly with RGP lenses in those eyes with predominant corneal aberrations. Corneal and total aberrations were measured in a group of 10 eyes before and after cataract surgery with spherical intraocular lens (IOL). In vivo and in vitro measurements showed positive spherical aberration in the IOL, which increase with power. Optical aberrations in pseudophakic eyes do not decrease with respect to eyes of the same age because of the aberrations of the IOL -spherical aberration, and coma presumably induced by lens tilt and decentration-, the lack of balance between corneal and internal aberrations and the induced corneal aberrations by the incision. To advance in the understanding of the contribution of the crystalline lens to the optical quality we analyzed the possibilities of an optical methodology with optimization procedures to estimate refractive index distribution of the crystalline lens.
DescripciónTesis doctoral del Instituto de Oftalmobiología Aplicada (IOBA) de la Universidad de Valladolid y del Instituto de Óptica "Daza de Valdés" del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IO-CSIC).-- 192 págs.
Fecha de lectura: 16-02-2004.
Premio Extraordinario de Tesis Doctoral de la Universidad de Valladolid (2005).
Aparece en las colecciones: (CFMAC-IO) Tesis
Ficheros en este ítem:
Fichero Descripción Tamaño Formato  
Barbero_Tesis_Completa.pdfComplete thesis14,02 MBAdobe PDFVista previa
Portada.pdfCover296,67 kBAdobe PDFVista previa
Dedicatoria.pdfAcknowledgements33,51 kBAdobe PDFVista previa
TableofContents.pdfTOC22,63 kBAdobe PDFVista previa
Abstract.pdfAbstract18,68 kBAdobe PDFVista previa
Chapter-I.pdfChapter I1,81 MBAdobe PDFVista previa
Chapter-II.pdfChapter II2,75 MBAdobe PDFVista previa
Chapter-III.pdfChapter III955,78 kBAdobe PDFVista previa
Chapter-IV.pdfChapter IV553,97 kBAdobe PDFVista previa
Chapter-V.pdfChapter V1,98 MBAdobe PDFVista previa
Chapter-VI.pdfChapter VI511,58 kBAdobe PDFVista previa
Chapter-VII.pdfChapter VII3,41 MBAdobe PDFVista previa
Chapter-VIII.pdfChapter VIII998,5 kBAdobe PDFVista previa
Chapter-IX.pdfChapter IX66,72 kBAdobe PDFVista previa
CV.pdfCV65,7 kBAdobe PDFVista previa
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