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AutorFernández Zubieta, Ana ; Andújar Nagore, Inés; Giachi, Sandro ; Fernández Esquinas, Manuel
Palabras claveFunding
Cooperative Research Centres
public-private Cooperation
Fecha de publicación10-jul-2013
ResumenThis paper aims to shed light on Cooperative Research Centres in Spain (CRCs). CRCs basically consist of centres that join different public and private R&D actors and carry out collaborative market-oriented research on areas of industrial relevance (CREST, 2008). Therefore, CRCs enable the use of science and technology to address social and economic problems that academic units, government actors and private companies cannot easily face unilaterally (Boardman and Gray, 2010: 452). Despite their importance, the understanding of CRCs is limited, inconsistent and framed within national borders and experiences (for example, Roessner, 2000; Gray, 2011; Garrett-Jones and Turpin, 2010; Turpin et al. 2005; Atkinson et al. 2001; Arnold et al., 2004; Ryan and Kennedy, 2010; Turpin and Fernández-Esquinas, 2011). These studies indicate that public and private R&D collaborations face important organizational challenges due to different expectations and goals of agents involved, ranging from research excellence and economic returns. Thus, it is important to better understand these organisational challenges in order to manage public-private R&D collaborations more effectively. In Spain, CRC experiences are quite recent and are the result of diverse initiatives at different administrative levels ¿ European, national and regional (Fernández-Esquinas and Ramos-Vielba, 2011). The paper aims then to shed light on the public-private R&D collaborations in Spain. In particular, using a database of 110 CRCs that includes institutional, organisational and regional variables, we perform a descriptive analysis of the profile of public-private research collaboration experiences and a multivariate analysis of the degree of intersectoral collaboration on the funding allocation of CRCs. We consider three different types of CRCs according to their degree of intersectoral collaboration: ¿market-oriented¿, ¿academic-oriented¿ and a ¿mix model¿. The paper expects to provide the following main results. Firstly, we will present a typology of public-private research collaboration experiences in Spain. Secondly, we will present a multivariate analysis of the degree of intersectoral collaboration of CRCs on the funding allocation of CRCs. We expect different intersectoral collaborations ¿ ¿market-oriented¿, ¿academic-oriented¿ and a ¿mix model¿ ¿ to have a diverse effect on their funding structure. For example, we hypothesize ¿market-oriented¿ CRCs to have a more diversified funding portfolio. In addition, we expect, other things being equal, higher impact of intersectoral collaboration of CRCs on funding allocation in regions with stronger R&D systems.
Aparece en las colecciones: (IESA) Comunicaciones congresos
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