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Concentration of DDT compounds in breast milk from African women (Manhiça, Mozambique) at the early stages of domestic indoor spraying with this insecticide

AuthorsManaca, María N.; Grimalt, Joan O. ; Sunyer, Jordi ; Mandomando, Inacio; González, Raquel; Sacarlal, Jahit; Dobaño, Carlota; Alonso, Pedro L.; Menéndez, Clara
Indoor spraying
Breast milk
Malaria vector control
Issue DateOct-2011
PublisherPergamon Press
CitationChemosphere 85(3): 307-314 (2011)
AbstractBreast milk concentrations of 4,4'-DDT and its related compounds were studied in samples collected in 2002 and 2006 from two populations of mothers in Manhiça, Mozambique. The 2006 samples were obtained several months after implementation of indoor residual spraying (IRS) with DDT for malaria vector control in dwellings and those from 2002 were taken as reference prior to DDT use. A significant increase in 4,4'-DDT and its main metabolite, 4,4'-DDE, was observed between the 2002 (median values 2.4 and 0.9 ng/ml, respectively) and the 2006 samples (7.3 and 2.6 ng/ml, respectively, p< 0.001 and 0.019, respectively). This observation identifies higher body burden intakes of these compounds in pregnant women already in these initial stages of the IRS program. The increase in both 4,4'-DDT and 4,4'-DDE suggest a rapid transformation of DDT into DDE after incorporation of the insecticide residues. The median baseline concentrations in breast milk in 2002 were low, and the median concentrations in 2006 (280 ng/g lipid) were still lower than in other world populations. However, the observed increases were not uniform and in some individuals high values (5100 ng/g lipid) were determined. Significant differences were found between the concentrations of DDT and related compounds in breast milk according to parity, with higher concentrations in primiparae than multiparae women. These differences overcome the age effect in DDT accumulation between the two groups and evidence that women transfer a significant proportion of their body burden of DDT and its metabolites to their infants. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.06.015
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.06.015
issn: 0045-6535
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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