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Fabrication of porous carbon monoliths with a graphitic framework

AutorSevilla Solís, Marta ; Fuertes Arias, Antonio Benito
Fecha de publicaciónmay-2013
CitaciónCarbon 56: 155-166 (2013)
Resumen[EN] Macro/mesoporous carbon monoliths with a graphitic framework were synthesized by carbonizing polymeric monoliths of poly(benzoxazine-co-resol). The overall synthesis process consists of the following steps: (a) the preparation of polymeric monoliths by co-polymerization of resorcinol and formaldehyde with a polyamine (tetraethylenepentamine), (b) doping the polymer with a metallic salt of Fe, Ni or Co, (c) carbonization and (d) the removal of inorganic nanoparticles. The metal nanoparticles (Fe, Ni or Co) formed during the carbonization step catalyse the conversion of a fraction of amorphous carbon into graphitic domains. The resulting carbon monoliths contain >50 wt.% of graphitic carbon, which considerably improves their electrical conductivity. The use of tetraethylenepentamine in the synthesis results in a nitrogen-containing framework. Textural characterization of these materials shows that they have a dual porosity made up of macropores and mesopores (∼2–10 nm), with a BET surface area in the 280–400 m2 g−1 range. We tested these materials as electrodes in organic electrolyte supercapacitors and found that no conductive additive is needed due to their high electrical conductivity. In addition, they show a specific capacitance of up to 35 F g−1, excellent rate and cycling performance, delivering up to 10 kW kg−1 at high current densities.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2012.12.090
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