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Performance evaluation of a very high resolution small animal PET imager using silicon scatter detectors

AutorPark, Sang-June; Rogers, W. Leslie; Huh, Sam; Kagan, Harris; Honscheid, Klaus; Burdette, Don; Chesi, Enrico; Lacasta Llácer, Carlos ; Llosá, Gabriela ; Mikuz, Marko; Studen, Andrej; Weilhammer, Peter; Clinthorne, Neal H.
Palabras claveMicropet scanner
Compton camera
Positron emission tomography (PET) scanner
Solid-state detectors
Fecha de publicación30-abr-2007
EditorInstitute of Physics Publishing
CitaciónPhysics in Medicine and Biology 52(10): 2807-2826 (2007)
ResumenA very high resolution positron emission tomography (PET) scanner for small animal imaging based on the idea of inserting a ring of high-granularity solid-state detectors into a conventional PET scanner is under investigation. A particularly interesting configuration of this concept, which takes the form of a degenerate Compton camera, is shown capable of providing sub-millimeter resolution with good sensitivity. We present a Compton PET system and estimate its performance using a proof-of-concept prototype. A prototype single-slice imaging instrument was constructed with two silicon detectors 1 mm thick, each having 512 1.4 mm x 1.4 mm pads arranged in a 32 x 16 array. The silicon detectors were located edgewise on opposite sides and flanked by two non-position sensitive BGO detectors. The scanner performance was measured for its sensitivity, energy, timing, spatial resolution and resolution uniformity. Using the experimental scanner, energy resolution for the silicon detectors is 1%. However, system energy resolution is dominated by the 23% FWHM BGO resolution. Timing resolution for silicon is 82.1 ns FWHM due to time-walk in trigger devices. Using the scattered photons, time resolution between the BGO detectors is 19.4 ns FWHM. Image resolution of 980 μm FWHM at the center of the field-of-view (FOV) is obtained from a 1D profile of a 0.254 mm diameter F-18 line source image reconstructed using the conventional 2D filtered back-projection (FBP). The 0.4 mm gap between two line sources is resolved in the image reconstructed with both FBP and the maximum likelihood expectation maximization (ML-EM) algorithm. The experimental instrument demonstrates sub-millimeter resolution. A prototype having sensitivity high enough for initial small animal images can be used for in vivo studies of small animal models of metabolism, molecular mechanism and the development of new radiotracers.
Descripción20 pages, 7 figures.-- PMID: 17473353 [PubMed].-- ISI Article Identifier: 000246177000012.-- Printed version published on May 21, 2007.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0031-9155/52/10/012
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