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Title

Luminescence behavior of CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8.4H2O

AuthorsCrespo Feo, Elena ; García-Guinea, Javier ; Correcher, Virgilio; Prado-Herrero, Pedro; Can, N.
KeywordsTurquoise
CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O
Thermoluminescence
Cathodoluminescence
Emergency dosimeter
Issue Date14-Jul-2009
CitationRadiation Measurements, 45,(3–6):749–752 Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Luminescent Detectors and Transformers of Ionizing Radiation (LUMDETR 2009 )
AbstractWe, herein, study the thermoluminescence (TL) and cathodoluminescence (CL-SEM) emissions of a cornmercial turquoise [CuAl6(P04)4(OH)8-4H20] to obtain its luminescent features. The widespread use of this material in jewellery makes it interesting to determine its possible use as an emergency dosimeter.CL spectrum of bulk sample displays an intense broad emission from ~260 to ~50 nm together with a weaker narrow band at ~710 nm. Through EDS and EMPA chemical analyses, an important amount of rare earth elements (REE) such as Ce, La, Y, Nd, Dy, Yb, Er, Pr, Sm, Gd, Ho, Tb, and Tm ha ve been identified in the phosphate phases. Apatite [Ca5[OH(PO4)3]], monazite [(Ce,La,Nd,Th)PO4] and xenotime [YP04] have been detected in the turquoise matrix, as well as very small amounts of quartz [Si021. Turquoise itself has a high content in Zn substituting for Cu, together with small amounts of Cr substituting for Al. The well defined peak observed at ~710 nm can be due to Cr3+ activation centers io the Turquoise lattice. The broad emission is probably associated with a big variety of REE activators. Regarding the blue TL, two emission bands (190° and 330°C) appear in the natural aJiquot whereas the irradiated sample displays 00 response at all. As observed in other natural materials, this glow emission could be due to (i) structural defects, (ii) consecutive breaking linking bonds (e.g. Al-O, Cr-O, etc.) from the lattice of the different phosphates induced during the TL readout and (iii) the losses of structural water molecules in the turquoise lattice.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radmeas.2009.12.027
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/90556
DOI10.1016/j.radmeas.2009.12.027
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2009.12.027
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