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Gasification of the char derived from distillation of granulated scrap tyres

AuthorsLópez Gómez, Félix Antonio ; Álvarez Centeno, Teresa ; Alguacil, Francisco José; Lobato Ortega, Belén ; López-Delgado, Aurora ; Fermoso Domínguez, Javier
KeywordsGranulated scrap tyres
Issue DateApr-2012
CitationWaste Management 32(4): 743-752 (2012)
Abstract[EN] This work reports the effect of pressure on the steam/oxygen gasification at 1000 °C of the char derived from low temperature–pressure distillation of granulated scrap tyres (GST). The study was based on the analysis of gas production, carbon conversion, cold gas efficiency and the high heating value (HHV) of the product. For comparison, similar analyses were carried out for the gasification of coals with different rank. In spite of the relatively high ash (≈12 wt.%) and sulphur (≈3 wt.%) contents, the char produced in GST distillation can be regarded as a reasonable solid fuel with a calorific value of 34 MJ kg−1. The combustion properties of the char (EA ≈ 50 kJ mol−1), its temperature of self-heating (≈264 °C), ignition temperature (≈459 °C) and burn-out temperature (≈676 °C) were found to be similar to those of a semi-anthracite. It is observed that the yield, H2 and CO contents and HHV of the syngas produced from char gasification increase with pressure. At 0.1 MPa, 4.6 Nm3 kgchar−1 of syngas was produced, containing 28% v/v of H2 and CO and with a HHV around 3.7 MJ Nm−3. At 1.5 MPa, the syngas yield achieved 4.9 Nm3 kgchar−1 with 30% v/v of H2–CO and HHV of 4.1 MJ Nm−3. Carbon conversion significantly increased from 87% at 0.1 MPa to 98% at 1.5 MPa. It is shown that the char derived from distillation of granulated scrap tyres can be further gasified to render a gas of considerable heating value, especially when gasification proceeds at high pressure.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2011.08.006
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