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|dc.identifier.citation||Ibis (2000) 142, 428-434||en_US|
|dc.description.abstract||Several mechanisms can explain individual differences in foraging behaviour, such as variation in predation risk between patches, variation in the ability of individuals to detect or escape from predators, variation between individuals in their requirement for food, the quality and abundance of food in different patches, phenotypic variation giving rise to differences in resource use (exploitation hypothesis) and interference competition such as the exclusion of subordinate individuals by dominants. Subordinates can develop compensation mechanisms. One of these mechanisms is morphological differentiation. However not every change in morphology can account for the same variation in behaviour, since some morphologies can be ecologically more plastic than others (i.e. some morphs can exploit a broader niche than other morphs). Under controlled conditions in the Coal Tit Parus ater, we tested whether (1) differences in resource use were explained by either the exploitation hypothesis or by the interference hypothesis, and (2) the presumed costs of subordination can be reduced through different ecological plasticities associated with different morphologies. Our results support the interference hypothesis as there are no differences in hanging behaviour between dominants and subordinates when foraging solitarily; while in the presence of other individuals, we observed differences in foraging behaviour that varied with social status. Our results also show that body mass influenced foraging behaviour; lighter birds can exploit patches where hanging postures are needed more easily than heavier birds. Moreover, this relationship varied among individuals, as predicted by the ecological plasticity hypothesis. Lighter subordinate individuals used hanging postures more frequently than heavier ones, differentially reducing the costs of subordination. We propose that differences in the breadth of ecological niche due to differences in morphology can reduce the costs of subordination.||en_US|
|dc.description.sponsorship||This study was carried out with the logistic support of El Ventorrillo Field Station, and was funded by DGES project PB95-0103 to E.M. A.B. was supported by a CSIC-CAMMNCN postdoctoral grant. M.B. was supported by a PhD grant from El Ventorrillo. J.J. Sanz kindly provided us with the discriminant function for sexual dimorphism. A. Gosler, N. Metcalfe and an anonymous referee greatly improved an early draft of the manuscript.||en_US|
|dc.publisher||British Ornithologists' Union||en_US|
|dc.title||Effects of body mass on the foraging behaviour of subordinate Coal Tits Parus ate||en_US|
|Appears in Collections:||(EEZA) Artículos|
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