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dc.contributor.authorBurns, Kevin C.-
dc.contributor.authorCazetta, Eliana-
dc.contributor.authorGaletti, Mauro-
dc.contributor.authorValido, Alfredo-
dc.contributor.authorSchaefer, H. Martin-
dc.identifier.citationOecologia, doi: 10.1007/s00442-008-1227-3 (2008)en_US
dc.description7 pages, 2 figures.-- Supplementary material available: The list of fruit species, their colour as perceived by humans, their provenance and main disperser types. The dispersal category "mixed" refers to species consumed by birds and mammals (XLS, 43 kb).en_US
dc.description.abstractWe tested for geographic patterns in fruit colour diversity. Fruit colours are thought to promote detection by seed dispersers. Because seed dispersers differ in their spectral sensitivities, we predicted that fruit colour diversity would be higher in regions with higher seed disperser diversity (i.e. the tropics). We collected reflectance data on 232 fruiting plant species and their natural backgrounds in seven localities in Europe, North and South America, and analysed fruit colour diversity according to the visual system of birds—the primary consumer types of these fruits. We found no evidence that fruit colours are either more conspicuous or more diverse in tropical areas characterised by higher seed disperser diversity. Instead, fruit colour diversity was lowest in central Brazil, suggesting that fruit colours may be more diverse in temperate regions. Although we found little evidence for geographic variation in fruit hues, the spectral properties of fruits were positively associated with the spectral properties of backgrounds. This result implies that fruit colours may be influenced by selection on the reflectance properties of leaves, thus constraining the evolution of fruit colour. Overall, the results suggest that fruit colours in the tropics are neither more diverse nor more conspicuous than temperate fruits, and that fruit colours may be influenced by correlated selection on leaf reflectance properties.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipH.M.S. was sponsored by a Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) grant (Scha 1008/4-1). E.C. was sponsored by Fundaçao de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (Fapesp) and a Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD) fellowship. M.G. was sponsored by Fapesp and receives a research fellowship from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), and E.C. a Fapesp fellowship. A.V. was supported by the Marie Curie European programme (grant MERG-CT-2004-510260), I3P [Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)] and Acción Integrada (HA2006-0038; Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia).en_US
dc.format.extent272132 bytes-
dc.subjectPlant signallingen_US
dc.subjectSeed dispersalen_US
dc.subjectTetrahedral colour spaceen_US
dc.titleGeographic patterns in fruit colour diversity: do leaves constrain the colour of fleshy fruits?en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer revieweden_US
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