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Title

Ecosystem services provided by waterbirds

AuthorsGreen, Andy J. ; Elmberg, Joham
KeywordsBioindicators
Cultural services
Economic value
Ecosystem engineering
Ecosystem services
Nutrient fluxes
Pest control
Seed dispersal
Waterfowl harvest
Zoochory
Issue Date2014
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
CitationBiological reviews, 89: 105-122 (2014)
AbstractEcosystem services are ecosystem processes that directly or indirectly benefit human well-being. There has been much recent literature identifying different services and the communities and species that provide them. This is a vital first step towards management and maintenance of these services. In this review, we specifically address the waterbirds, which play key functional roles in many aquatic ecosystems, including as predators, herbivores and vectors of seeds, invertebrates and nutrients, although these roles have often been overlooked. Waterbirds can maintain the diversity of other organisms, control pests, be effective bioindicators of ecological conditions, and act as sentinels of potential disease outbreaks. They also provide important provisioning (meat, feathers, eggs, etc.) and cultural services to both indigenous and westernized societies. We identify key gaps in the understanding of ecosystem services provided by waterbirds and areas for future research required to clarify their functional role in ecosystems and the services they provide. We consider how the economic value of these services could be calculated, giving some examples. Such valuation will provide powerful arguments for waterbird conservation.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12045
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/90051
DOI10.1111/brv.12045
Appears in Collections:(EBD) Artículos
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