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Graphene materials with different structures prepared from the same graphite by the Hummers and Brodie methods

AuthorsBotas Velasco, Cristina ; Álvarez Rodríguez, Patricia ; Blanco Velasco, Patricia ; Granda Ferreira, Marcos ; Blanco Rodríguez, Clara ; Santamaría Ramírez, Ricardo ; Romasanta, Laura J.; Verdejo, Raquel ; López-Manchado, Miguel A. ; Menéndez López, Rosa María
Graphite oxide
Hummers and Brodie
Oxidation methods
Issue DateDec-2013
CitationCarbon 65: 156–164 (2013)
Abstract[EN] Graphene materials containing different functional groups were prepared from a natural graphite, by means of two different oxidation methods (Hummers and Brodie). It was observed that the differences in the structure of the resultant graphite oxides (GOs) greatly affect the structure of the graphenes resulting from their thermal exfoliation/reduction. Although the oxidation of the graphite was more effective with the modified Hummers method than with Brodie’s method (C/O of 1.8 vs 2.9, as determined by XPS), the former generated a lower residual oxygen content after thermal exfoliation/reduction and a better reconstruction of the 2D graphene structure (with fewer defects). This is explained by the presence of conjugated epoxy and hydroxyl groups in the GO obtained by Brodie’s method, which upon thermal treatment, lead to the incorporation of oxygen into the carbon lattice preventing its complete restoration. Additionally, graphene materials obtained with Brodie’s method exhibit, in general, smaller sheet size and larger surface area.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2013.08.009
Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Artículos
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