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Nanostructuring thin polymer films with optical near fields

AutorMartín-Fabiani, Ignacio ; Siegel, Jan ; Riedel, Stephen; Boneberg, Johannes; Ezquerra, Tiberio A. ; Nogales, Aurora
Palabras clavethin films
optical near fields
poly(trimethylene terephthalate)
dendritic crystallization
Fecha de publicación2013
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónACS applied materials & interfaces 5: 11402- 11408 (2013)
ResumenIn the present work, we report on the application of optical near fields to nanostructuring of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT) thin films. By exposure to a single ultraviolet nanosecond laser pulse, the spatial intensity modulation of the near-field distribution created by a silica microsphere is imprinted into the films. Setting different angles of incidence of the laser, elliptical or circular periodic ring patterns can be produced with periods as small as half the laser wavelength used. These highly complex patterns show optical and topographical contrast and can be characterized by optical microscopy (OM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). We demonstrate the key role of the laser wavelength and coherence length in achieving smooth, extended patterns in PTT by using excimer laser (193 nm) and Nd:YAG laser (266 nm) pulses. Reference experiments performed in Ge2Sb2Te 5 (GST) demonstrate that nanopatterning in PTT is triggered by ablation as opposed to GST, in which nanopatterning originates from laser-induced phase change, accompanied by a small topographical contrast. The experiments presented in this work demonstrate the suitability of optical near fields for structuring polymer films, opening up new possibilities for nanopatterning and paving the way for potential applications where optical near fields and polymer nanostructures are involved. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1021/am4036543
issn: 1944-8244
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