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Marine Biodiversity and Gene Patents - Balancing the preservation of Marine Genetic Resources (MGR) and the equitable generation of benefits for society

AuthorsArrieta López de Uralde, Jesús M. ; Duarte, Carlos M.
Issue Date11-Mar-2013
PublisherFlanders Marine institute
CitationMarine Biotechnology in the European research Area. Challenges and opportunies for Europe. Final CSA MarineBiotech Conference (2013)
AbstractMarine Genetic Resources have been identified and included in patent applications increasingly in recent decades. The number of patent applications including genes from marine organisms is growing at 12% per year (Arrieta et al. 2010). However, human appropriation of marine genetic resources is poorly regulated, particularly in international waters where no legal framework exists. The absence of a clear regulation about the property of MGRs results in an absence of mechanisms to ensure proper protection of these resources in international waters. Moreover, access to the World¿s MGRs is limited by technological capacity. 90% of patent claims associated to genes of marine organisms originate from only 10 countries (Arnaud-Haond et al. 2011). Thus, there is an urgent need to provide a clear access and benefit-sharing framework for MGRs in international waters. Conversely, within the EEZ of different countries, where the property of MGRs is well established, the fear of biopiracy often results in too many restrictions to bioprospecting and to basic research in general. This fear of biopiracy could be greatly alleviated implementing specific requirements to disclose the geographical origin and taxonomic affiliation of the source organisms in patent applications involving natural genetic resources.
DescriptionComunicación presentada en la Final CSA MarineBiotech Conference, celebrada los días 11 y 12 de marzo de 2013 en Bruselas (Bélgica).
Abstract publicado en: Mees, J. et al. (eds.). Marine biotechnology in the European research area: Challenges and opportunities for Europe. Final CSA MarineBiotech Conference. Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts, Brussels, Belgium, 11-12 March 2013. VLIZ Special Publication, 64. Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ): Oostende, 2013, p.10
Appears in Collections:(IMEDEA) Comunicaciones congresos
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