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Título

Inhibition of Orobanche crenata seed germination and radicle growth by allelochemicals identified in cereals

Autor Fernández-Aparicio, Mónica ; Cimmino, Alessio ; Evidente, Antonio; Rubiales, Diego
Palabras clave Allelopathy
Broomrape
Benzoxazolinones
Parasitic weed management
Fecha de publicación sep-2013
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
Citación Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 61(41): 9797-9803 (2013)
ResumenOrobanche crenata is a parasitic weed that causes severe yield losses in important grain and forage legume crops. Cereals have been reported to inhibit O. crenata parasitism when grown intercropped with susceptible legumes, but the responsible metabolites have not been identified. A number of metabolites have been reported in cereals that have allelopathic properties against weeds, pests, and pathogens. We tested the effect of several allelochemicals identified in cereals on O. crenata seed germination and radicle development. We found that 2-benzoxazolinone, its derivative 6-chloroacetyl-2-benzoxazolinone, and scopoletin significantly inhibited O. crenata seed germination. Benzoxazolinones, l-tryptophan, and coumalic acid caused the stronger inhibition of radicle growth. Also, other metabolites reduced radicle length, this inhibition being dose-dependent. Only scopoletin caused cell necrotic-like darkening in the young radicles. Prospects for their application to parasitic weed management are discussed. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/88830
DOI10.1021/jf403738p
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1021/jf403738p
issn: 0021-8561
e-issn: 1520-5118
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