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Activated carbon produced from Sasol-Lurgi gasifier pitch and its application as electrodes in supercapacitors

AutorAlonso, A.; Ruiz Ruiz, Vanesa ; Blanco Rodríguez, Clara ; Santamaría Ramírez, Ricardo ; Granda Ferreira, Marcos ; Menéndez López, Rosa María ; Jager, S.G.E. de
Palabras clavePitch
Coke
Activation
Adsorption properties
Carbon
Electrochemical properties
Fecha de publicaciónmar-2006
EditorElsevier
CitaciónCarbon 44(3): 441–446 (2006)
Resumen[EN] A pyrolysis product derived from Sasol-Lurgi gasifier pitch was activated using different proportions of KOH. The increase of the amount of KOH used for activation caused the activation degree of the carbons to increase very significantly. The activated carbons obtained using lower amounts of KOH were mainly microporous, while the amount of mesopores developed in the samples progressively increased for the carbons activated with higher proportions of KOH. The gravimetric specific capacitance of samples obtained with (2:1), (3:1) and (5:1) KOH to carbon ratio were rather similar at low current densities (∼400 F/g at low current densities), despite the significant differences observed in their textural characteristics. Supercapacitors built with the activated carbons obtained with (2:1) and (3:1) KOH to carbon ratio yielded the highest volumetric capacitance (higher than 200 F/cm3 at low current densities), while the most activated sample yielded the lowest values, due to the significant reduction in density caused by activation. The high values of capacitance observed result from the combination of two mechanisms of energy storage: double layer formation and pseudocapacitance.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2005.09.008
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/88777
DOI10.1016/j.carbon.2005.09.008
ISSN0008-6223
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