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Bryozoan faunal composition and community structure from the continental shelf off Cap de Creus (Northwestern Mediterranean)

AuthorsMadurell, Teresa ; Zabala, Mikel; Dominguez-Carrió, Carlos ; Gili, Josep Maria
KeywordsNW Mediterranean
Cap de Creus
Palmiskenea gautieri sp. nov
Bryozoan assemblages
Continental shelf
Issue DateOct-2013
CitationJournal of Sea Research 83: 123-136 (2013)
AbstractBryozoan specimens obtained in 2009-2010 from the continental shelf off Cap de Creus (Northwestern Mediterranean) were studied. Samples were collected using a Rauschert sled at depths ranging from 61 to 225. m. Bryozoans were present in all 26 samples examined, although they were only abundant in 20 of them. A total of 113 species of Bryozoa were identified (2 Ctenostomata, 90 Cheilostomata and 21 Cyclostomata), most of them are well known to science, although a few of the species have barely or never been cited in the Mediterranean Sea (Hincksinoflustra octodon, Alderina imbellis, Escharella immersa, Neolagenipora collaris and Escharina johnstoni), or are currently poorly described (Lagenipora lepralioides). The species Palmicellaria aff. aviculifera (sensu Gautier, 1957) is redescribed, for which the new name of Palmiskenea gautieri is proposed. Species richness, abundance and biomass were linked to the availability of suitable substrates. Multivariate analysis in relation to environmental data showed that the spatial distribution of the bryozoan species was related to the sediment type. Samples from areas dominated by silt and sandy sediments showed few or no bryozoans, whereas coarse sands and gravels presented higher diversity, abundance and biomass. Within the depth range studied, the faunistic composition of the bryozoan assemblages was similar for the whole continental shelf off Cap de Creus. The bulk of bryozoans was found near the canyon rim. This is related to the proximity of the submarine canyon and its associated hydrological processes. The high diversity and abundance of the bryozoan community located on the circalittoral and shelf-edge off Cap de Creus reflect the presence of critical habitats that are essential for the design of marine protected areas. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
DescriptionMain results from the XVII Iberian Symposium of Marine Biology Studies.-- 14 pages, 8 figures, 4 tables
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2013.04.013
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.seares.2013.04.013
issn: 1385-1101
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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