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Title

Biogeochemical conditions in sediments enriched by organic matter from net-pen fish farms in the Bolinao area, Philippines

AuthorsHolmer, Marianne; Duarte, Carlos M. ; Heilskov, Anna; Olesen, Birgit; Terrados, Jorge
Issue Date2003
PublisherPergamon Press
CitationMarine Pollution Bulletin 46(11): 1470-1479 (2003)
AbstractSedimentation and sediment metabolism was measured at eight active milkfish fish pens and at one abandoned site in the Bolinao area, Philippines in order to examine the interactions between sediment and water in this shallow coastal zone. The rates of sedimentation were high in the area due to siltation, but the activities in the fish pens also contributed to enhanced sedimentation as indicated by the difference between the abandoned and active sites. The sediment metabolism appeared to decrease with increasing rates of sedimentation indicating that the microbial activity reached a saturation level in the fish pen sediments. Anaerobic processes dominated the organic matter decomposition, and sulfate reduction rates are among the highest measured in fish farm sediments. The rates decreased with increasing organic loading despite high concentrations of sulfate (>10 mM) at all sites. Presence of methane bubbles in the sediments suggests that sulfate reduction and methanogenesis were coexisting. The sediment metabolism was significantly reduced at the abandoned site indicating that the stimulation of microbial activities is due to active fish production. The anaerobic activity remained high at the abandoned site indicating that the sediment biogeochemical conditions remain affected long time after fish production has ceased. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/88573
DOI10.1016/S0025-326X(03)00281-9
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/S0025-326X(03)00281-9
issn: 0025-326X
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