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A functional role of the extracellular domain of Crumbs in cell architecture and apicobasal polarity

AuthorsLetizia, Annalisa ; Ricardo, Sara; Moussian, Bernard; Martín, Nicolás ; Llimargas, Marta
Cell architecture
Drosophila melanogaster
Issue Date2013
PublisherCompany of Biologists
CitationJournal of Cell Science 126(10): 2157-2163 (2013)
AbstractRegulated cell shape changes in epithelial cells, which contribute to most organs and tissues, are at the basis of morphogenesis. Crumbs(Crb) is an essential apical determinant controlling epithelial apicobasal polarity. Here we provide evidence for a novel role of Crb apical localisation and stabilisation in controlling cell shape through apical domainorganisation and adherens junction positioning. We find that Crb apical stabilisation requires the extracellular domain.In vivo results from Drosophila suggest that the extracellular domain assists Crb apical stabilisation by mediating Crb-Crb interactions at opposing cell membranes. We further confirm Crb-Crb extracellular interactions by showing that the extracellular domain of Crb is sufficient to promote cell aggregation in vitro. Furthermore, we report that Crb apical stabilisation mediated by the extracellular domain is also required for maintenance of Crb apicobasal polarity. Our results provide new insights into the mechanisms of apicobasal polarity and the cellular mechanisms of tissue architecture. © 2013. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1242/jcs.122382
issn: 0021-9533
e-issn: 1477-9137
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