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Expression of modified tocopherol content and profile in sunflower tissues
|Authors:||Moral, Lidia del ; Fernández Martínez, José María ; Pérez-Vich, Begoña ; Velasco Varo, Leonardo|
|Publisher:||John Wiley & Sons|
|Citation:||Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 92(2): 351-357 (2012)|
|Abstract:||[Background] Alpha-tocopherol is the predominant tocopherol form in sunflower seeds. Sunflower lines that accumulate increased levels of beta-, gamma- and delta-tocopherol in seeds as well as lines with reduced and increased total seed tocopherol content have been developed. The objective of this research was to evaluate whether the modified tocopherol levels are expressed in plant tissues other than seeds.|
[Results] Lines with increased levels of beta-, gamma- and delta-tocopherol in seeds also possessed increased levels of these tocopherols in leaves, roots and pollen. Correlation coefficients for the proportion of individual tocopherols in different plant tissues were significantly positive in all cases, ranging from 0.68 to 0.97. A line with reduced tocopherol content in seeds also showed reduced content in roots and pollen.
[Conclusion] Genetic modifications producing altered seed tocopherol profiles in sunflower are also expressed in leaves, roots and pollen. Reduced total seed tocopherol content is mainly expressed at the root and pollen level. The expression of tocopherol mutations in other plant tissues will enable further studies on the physiological role of tocopherols and could be of interest for early selection for these traits in breeding programmes. © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry.
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