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Título

Effect of high-pressure treatment on the carotenoid composition and the radical scavenging activity of persimmon fruit purees

AutorAncos, Begoña de ; González, Eva M.; Cano, M. Pilar
Palabras claveHigh pressure
HPLC
Carotenoids
Persimmon
Processing effects
Cultivar differences
Vitamin A value
Radical-scavenging capacity
Fecha de publicación2000
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 48: 3542- 3548 (2000)
ResumenThe carotenoid composition of persimmon fruit purees of two cultivars, cvs. Rojo Brillante and Sharon, grown in Spain was determined by HPLC to assess the effects of high-pressure processing on some sensory (carotenoids), nutritional (provitamin A value), and health-related (radical-scavenging capacity) parameters. Total carotenoid content was higher in untreated Rojo Brillante puree (22.11 μg g-1) than in untreated Sharon puree (15.22 μg g-1). Purees of both untreated cultivars showed similar carotenoid patterns after saponification with β-cryptoxanthin, β-carotene, and zeaxanthin as the main pigments. A high content of lycopene was quantified in Rojo Brillante (5.34 μg g-1), whereas only traces were detected in Sharon. The provitamin A value, reported as retinol equivalents (RE), was in untreated Rojo Brillante puree (77 RE/100 g) similar to that of Sharon (75 RE/100 g). Scavenging free radical capacity, measured as antiradical efficiency (AE), showed in untreated Rojo Brillante puree a value (12.14 x 10-3) 8.5 times higher than that in untreated Sharon (1.42 x 10-3). Nonuniform behavior of high-pressure treatment was detected. Pressure treatments at 50 and 300 MPa/15 min/25 °C for Rojo Brillante and at 50 and 400 MPa/15 min/25 °C for Sharon increased the amount of extractable carotenoids (9-27%), which are related with the increase of vitamin A value (75-87 RE/100 g). No correlation with the increase of AE (from 1.42 x 10-3 to 16.73 x 10-3 and 19.58 x 10-3) after some pressure treatments (150 and 300 MPa/15 min/25 °C) was found.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/87829
DOI10.1021/jf990911w
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1021/jf990911w
issn: 0021-8561
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