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The MobM relaxase domain of plasmid pMV158: thermal stability and activity upon Mn2+ and specific DNA binding

AuthorsLorenzo-Díaz, Fabián ; Dostál, Lubomir; Coll, Miquel ; Schildbach, Joel F.; Menéndez, Margarita ; Espinosa, Manuel
Issue Date2011
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationNucleic Acids Research 39(10): 4315-4329 (2011)
AbstractProtein MobM, the relaxase involved in conjugative transfer of the streptococcal plasmid pMV158, is the prototype of the MOB(V) superfamily of relaxases. To characterize the DNA-binding and nicking domain of MobM, a truncated version of the protein (MobMN199) encompassing its N-terminal region was designed and the protein was purified. MobMN199 was monomeric in contrast to the dimeric form of the full-length protein, but it kept its nicking activity on pMV158 DNA. The optimal relaxase activity was dependent on Mn(2+) or Mg(2+) cations in a dosage-dependent manner. However, whereas Mn(2+) strongly stabilized MobMN199 against thermal denaturation, no protective effect was observed for Mg(2+). Furthermore, MobMN199 exhibited a high affinity binding for Mn(2+) but not for Mg(2+). We also examined the binding-specificity and affinity of MobMN199 for several substrates of single-stranded DNA encompassing the pMV158 origin of transfer (oriT). The minimal oriT was delimited to a stretch of 26nt which included an inverted repeat located eight bases upstream of the nick site. The structure of MobMN199 was strongly stabilized by binding to the defined target DNA, indicating the formation of a tight protein-DNA complex. We demonstrate that the oriT recognition by MobMN199 was highly specific and suggest that this protein most probably employs Mn(2+) during pMV158 transfer.
DescriptionThis is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkr049
Identifiersdoi: 10.1093/nar/gkr049
e-issn: 1362-4962
issn: 0305-1048
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