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Sulfur chemistry in the interstellar medium: The effect of vibrational excitation of H2 in the reaction S++H2 →sH++H

AuthorsZanchet, Alexandre ; Agúndez, Marcelino ; Herrero, Víctor J. ; Aguado, Alfredo ; Roncero, Octavio
photon-dominated region (PDR)
molecular processes
ISM: molecules
Issue Date2013
PublisherAmerican Astronomical Society
CitationAstronomical Journal 146, 5 (2013)
AbstractSpecific rate constants for the S++H2 reaction are calculated using the ground quartet state potential energy surface and quasi-classical trajectories method. The calculations are performed for H 2 in different vibrational states v = 0-4 and thermal conditions for rotational and translational energies. The calculations lead to slow rate constants for the H2 vibrational levels v = 0, 1, but a significant enhancement of reactivity is observed when v > 1. The inverse reaction is also studied and rate constants for v = 0 are presented. For comparison, we also recompile previous results of state-to-state rate constants of the C ++H2 for H2 in rovibrational state v, j = (0,0), (1,0), (1,1), and (2,0). The calculated rate coefficients are fitted using an improved form of the standard three-parameter Arrhenius-like equation, which is found to be very accurate in fitting rate constants over a wide range of temperatures (10-4000 K). We investigate the impact of the calculated rate coefficients on the formation of SH+ in the photon-dominated region Orion Bar and find an abundance enhancement of nearly three orders of magnitude when the reaction of S+ with vibrationally excited H2 is taken into account. The title reaction is thus one of the principal mechanisms in forming SH+ in interstellar clouds. © 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1088/0004-6256/146/5/125
issn: 0004-6256
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