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Forecasting front displacements with a satellite based ocean forecasting (SOFT) system

Autor Álvarez, Alberto; Orfila, Alejandro ; Basterretxea, Gotzon ; Tintoré, Joaquín ; Vizoso, Guillermo ; Fornes, A.
Fecha de publicación 2007
Citación Journal of Marine Systems 65(1-4): 299-313 (2007)
ResumenRelatively long term time series of satellite data are nowadays available. These spatio-temporal time series of satellite observations can be employed to build empirical models, called satellite based ocean forecasting (SOFT) systems, to forecast certain aspects of future ocean states. The forecast skill of SOFT systems predicting the sea surface temperature (SST) at sub-basin spatial scale (from hundreds to thousand kilometres), has been extensively explored in previous works. Thus, these works were mostly focussed on predicting large scale patterns spatially stationary. At spatial scales smaller than sub-basin (from tens to hundred kilometres), spatio-temporal variability is more complex and propagating structures are frequently present. In this case, traditional SOFT systems based on Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) decompositions could not be optimal prediction systems. Instead, SOFT systems based on Complex Empirical Orthogonal Functions (CEOFs) are, a priori, better candidates to resolve these cases. In this work we study and compare the performance of an EOF and CEOF based SOFT systems forecasting the SST at weekly time scales of a propagating mesoscale structure. The SOFT system was implemented in an area of the Northern Balearic Sea (Western Mediterranean Sea) where a moving frontal structure is recurrently observed. Predictions from both SOFT systems are compared with observations and with the predictions obtained from persistence models. Results indicate that the implemented SOFT systems are superior in terms of predictability to persistence. No substantial differences have been found between the EOF and CEOF-SOFT systems. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/87457
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2005.11.017
issn: 0924-7963
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