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Relación entre periodos frios y cambios de patrón de macroescala (oscilación del Atlántico Norte) en las inundaciones en el Río Guadiana

Other TitlesRelationship betwen cold periods and changes in macroscale patterns (North Atlantic oscillation) in Guadiana River floods
AuthorsOrtega, A. ; Garzón Heydt, G.
KeywordsNatural hazards
Global change
Issue Date2007
PublisherSociedad Geológica de España
CitationGeogaceta, 43 (2007), 119-122
AbstractGlobal changes in climate have been widely documented but the relationships between these changes and floods are not easy to establish. Hydroclimatology offers an important tool in order to improve our knowledge about the flood producing mechanisms, which can be used to explain historical and palaeohydrological events. Storm cells and mesoscale systems develop into small floods, mainly at tributary streams. But a synoptic scale relates better to Guadiana River floods, dominant in winter. At a higher level, macroscale atmospheric configuration can also explain flood generation at the Guadiana River and, particularly, the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) that is one of the most important recurrent patterns of atmospheric circulation. There is no reliable evidence, however relating NAO and historical floods in Europe, especially for central European countries. This situation changes in the Iberian Peninsula, specially in the Southwest that shows a good relationship between winter floods and a negative NAO phase. Recent Guadiana River floods (XX century) could be related to these phenomena, but there´s not and index who covers previous events. Guadiana palaeoflood records compiled using slackwater deposits are dated by 14C radiometric methods and associated, when it is possible to a historical flood event. Results shows event clusters during cooling phases and it is likely that they reflect moments of climatic variability.
Description43ª Sesión Científica. Móstoles, Noviembre de 2007
Publisher version (URL)http://www.sociedadgeologica.es/archivos/geogacetas/Geo43/Art30.pdf
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