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Metal binding by humic acids in recent sediments from the SW Iberian coastal area

AuthorsRosa Arranz, José M. de la ; Santos, Marta; Araújo, María Fátima
KeywordsRecent sediments
Trace elements
Humic acids
SW Iberian Peninsula
Metal binding
Issue DateJul-2011
CitationEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 93 (4): 478-485 (2011)
AbstractThe concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cr, Ni, Pb, As, Mn and Co were determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma–Mass Spectrometry both in recent sediments from different locations of the Huelva littoral (SW Iberian Peninsula) and in their humic acid (HA) fractions in order to evaluate distribution and binding capacity of those trace elements to HAs. In addition, elemental composition (C, N, S) and δ13C values were determined to appraise the sources of organic matter in the area. This study involved the comparison of selected samples taken from different environments including the estuary of the Guadiana River, the main fluvial system of the region, the Tinto and Odiel estuary system and the proximal shelf. Significant positive correlations were found among Cu, Zn, As and Pb in bulk sediments, suggesting a common origin of all of those elements: the mining activities and pyrite deposits located hinterland. On the other hand, results for Cr, Co and Ni pointed to the basic rocks from the low basin of the Guadiana River as their main source. Elemental (C, N) and isotopic (δ13C) composition of sediments indicated a significant contribution of autochthonous plankton in coastal shelf sediments, whereas estuarine and riverine sediments showed a major contribution of terrestrial biomass. Geochemical values for their corresponding HAs suggested a greater terrestrial contribution in the sedimentary OM of the coastal shelf sediments than in bulk sediments, which evidenced the influence of coastal currents and sediment fluxes. Humic acids sequester considerable amounts of Cu and Zn contributing to reduce the bioavailability of these contaminants.
Description8 pages, 2 figures, 4 tables, 57 references.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2011.05.029
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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