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Evidence of early cannibalism

AuthorsFernández-Jalvo, Yolanda ; Díez, Juan Carlos; Bermúdez de Castro, José María; Carbonell, E.; Arsuaga, Juan Luis
Issue Date1996
PublisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science
CitationScience, New Series, 271(5247): 277-278
AbstractThe oldest human remains and tools that have been discovered in southern Europe (from 780,000 years ago) were described in two recent reports: "Lower Pleistocene hominids and artifacts from Atapuerca TD6 (Spain)," by E. Carbonell et al. and "Paleomagnetica ge for hominid fossils at Atapuerca archaeological site, Spain,"b y J. M. Paresa nd A. Perez-Gonzale(z1 1 Aug., pp. 826 and 830, respectively). Additional studies of the lower Pleistocene human fossils, recently found in level 6 (TD6) of the Gran Dolina cave site at Sierra de Atapuerca provide evidence of anthropophagy. Striations on the small temporal bone fragment ATD6-16 (4 by 3.5 by 4.5 centimeters) were noticed during excavation, and subsequenta nalysesa fterc arefulc leaning have revealed similar marks on two podial phalanges. Scanning electron microscope analysis of replicas obtained from these human bones show clear features characteristico f cut-marks( Fig. 1). Comparison with marks on faunal remains indicate similarf eaturesp, robablyc reatedb y an identical type of stone tool raw material
Identifiersissn: 0036-8075
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