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A model of daily mean canopy conductance for calculating transpiration of olive canopies

AuthorsOrgaz Rosua, Francisco ; Villalobos, Francisco J. ; Testi, Luca ; Fereres Castiel, Elías
Issue DateMar-2007
PublisherCommonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Australia)
CitationFunctional Plant Biology 34(3): 178-188 (2007)
AbstractWe tested the hypothesis that the transpiration (λEp) of high-coupled canopies, such as olive groves, may be calculated on a daily basis with sufficient precision by the Penman–Monteith ‘big leaf’ equation, by a model of bulk daily canopy conductance (gc) capable of scaling for canopy dimension. Given the limited data required, such a model could replace the standard approach (ET0 × Kc) for calculating olive water requirements, enhancing the precision of estimates. We developed a specific model of daily gc for unstressed olive canopies that was calibrated by transpiration measurements obtained by water balance from a 2-year experiment in a mature orchard with λEp ranging from 0.6 (February 1993) to 11.5 (July 1994) MJ m–2 day–1 and where leaf area index (L) changed from 1.25 to 2.5. The model uses the intercepted fraction of daily PAR and a linear function of average daytime temperature. The model was validated with λEp data collected by eddy covariance in a 3-year experiment conducted in a growing orchard that differed in L and cultivar from the one used in the calibration. The gc model, when used in the Penman–Monteith equation, gave very good daily λEp predictions for all seasons during 3 years, ranging from 0.5 (November 1998) to 5.5 (June 2000) MJ m–2 day–1, indicating that the goals of dealing with the dependence of olive gc on L and of simulating the seasonal variations in gc were achieved. A comparison with the Jarvis gc model, calibrated with 2 months of measured gc hourly data, showed that the gc model developed here performed better than the Jarvis model for the 3-year dataset. The exception to this was the period in which the Jarvis model was calibrated. This indicates that (1) the Jarvis model did not account for the seasonal variations in gc of the olive trees; and (2) the spatial and temporal scale assumptions required in the calibration of gc generate seasonal errors in the simulated bulk daily λEp for this crop. The applicability of this bulk gc model is restricted to well watered olive canopies and to the one-layer approach of calculating λEp but it could be adapted to rain-fed canopies in the future.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1071/FP06306
issn: 1445-4408
e-issn: 1445-4416
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