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Purification of luteinizing hormone (LH) in the sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and development of a specific immunoassay | Purificación de la hormona luteinizante (LH) en la lubina (Dicentrarchus labrax) y desarrollo de un inmunoensayo específico

AuthorsMateos, Jorge ; Mañanós, Evaristo L. ; Swanson, Penny; Carrillo, Manuel ; Zanuy, Silvia
Issue Date2006
PublisherUniversidad Autónoma de Baja California
CitationCiencias Marinas 32(2): 271-283 (2006)
AbstractThe luteinizing hormone (LH) is a key regulator of the processes of gonad maturation, ovulation/spermiation and spawning in vertebrates. The present study describes the purification of LH from pituitaries of a teleost fish, the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), by three-step chromatography (gel filtration, ion-exchange and FPLC). The LH α and β subunits were isolated by rpHPLC. The molecular weight of LH was estimated, on SDS-PAGE, at 31 kD, and for its α and β subunits, at 12 and 22 kD, respectively. Specific antibodies against the sea bass LHβ subunit (AbLHβ) were obtained and used to develop a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), which had a sensitivity of around 0.65 ng mL-1 (Bi/Bo 80%) and intraand inter-assay coefficients of variation of 11.7% (n = 8) and 11% (n = 10), respectively. Validation of the assay showed parallelism between the standard curve and plasma and pituitary samples from sea bass, as well as with pituitary extracts from other perciform fishes. We measured, using ELISA, plasma LH levels in female sea bass given a single injection of different doses of GnRHa ([D-Ala6, Pro9-Net]-LHRH), as a hormonal therapy for spawning induction. All treatments increased plasma LH levels after 90 min of the injection and were maintained elevated during 24 h. In conclusion, the immunoassay developed is sensitive and accurate, useful for LH analysis in biological samples of sea bass, and represents a valuable tool for studies on the reproductive endocrinology of this species.
Identifiersissn: 0185-3880
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