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New insights in developmental origins of different GnRH (gonadotrophin-releasing hormone) systems in perciform fish: An immunohistochemical study in the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)

AuthorsGonzález-Martínez, D.; Zmora, Nilli; Saligaut, Dany; Zanuy, Silvia ; Elizur, Abigail; Kah, Olivier; Muñoz-Cueto, José Antonio
Issue Date2004
CitationJournal of Chemical Neuroanatomy 28(1-2): 1-15 (2004)
AbstractThe knowledge of the roles and origins of different gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) systems could greatly contribute to improve the understanding of mechanisms involved in the physiological control of early development, puberty and spawning. Thus, in this study, we have analyzed the distribution of the cells expressing salmon GnRH, seabream GnRH and chicken GnRH-II forms in the brain and pituitary of developing sea bass using specific antibodies to their corresponding GnRH-associated peptides. The first prepro-chicken GnRH-II-immunoreactive cells arose in the germinal zone of the third ventricle at 4 days after hatching, increasing their number from days 10 to 30, in which they adopted their adult position. The prepro-chicken GnRH-II-immunoreactive fibers became conspicuous in the first week and from day 26 they reached almost all brain areas, especially the hindbrain, being never detected in the pituitary. First prepro-salmon GnRH-immunoreactive cells were detected in the olfactory placode at day 7 after hatching and reached the olfactory bulbs at day 10. Migrating prepro-salmon GnRH cells arrived at the ventral telencephalon at day 15, and became apparent in the preoptic area from day 45. The prepro-salmon GnRH innervation was more evident in the forebrain and increased notably between 10 and 30 days, at which fibers already extended from the olfactory bulbs to the medulla. A few prepro-salmon GnRH-immunoreactive fibers were observed in the pituitary from day 30. The prepro-seabream GnRH-immunoreactive cells were first detected at day 26 in the rostral olfactory bulbs. On day 30, prepro-seabream GnRH-immunoreactive cells were also present in the ventral telencephalon, reaching the preoptic area and the hypothalamus at 45 and 60 days, respectively. The prepro-seabream GnRH innervation appeared restricted to the ventral forebrain, increasing notably during the sixth week, when fibers also reached the pituitary. A significant prepro-seabream GnRH innervation was not detected in the pituitary until day 60. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jchemneu.2004.05.001
issn: 0891-0618
Appears in Collections:(IATS) Artículos
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