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Title

Abundance and diversity of CO2-fixing bacteria in grassland soils close to natural carbon dioxide springs

AuthorsVidemšek, U.; Hagn, A.; Suhadolc, M.; Radl, V.; Knicker, Heike ; Schloter, Michael; Vodnik, D.
Issue Date2009
PublisherSpringer
CitationMicrobial Ecology 58 (1): 1-9 (2009)
AbstractGaseous conditions at natural CO2 springs (mofettes) affect many processes in these unique ecosystems. While the response of plants to extreme and fluctuating CO2 concentrations ([CO2 ]) is relatively well documented, little is known on microbial life in mofette soil. Therefore, it was the aim of this study to investigate the abundance and diversity of CO2 -fixing bacteria in grassland soils in different distances to a natural carbon dioxide spring. Samples of the same soil type were collected from the Stavešinci mofette, a natural CO2 spring which is known for very pure CO2 emissions, at different distances from the CO2 releasing vents, at locations that clearly differed in soil CO2 efflux (from 12.5 to over 200 μmol CO2 m −2 s −1 yearly average). Bulk and rhizospheric soil samples were included into analyses. The microbial response was followed by a molecular analysis of cbbL genes, encoding for the large subunit of RubisCO, a carboxylase which is of crucial importance for C assimilation in chemolitoautotrophic microbes. In all samples analyzed, the “red-like” type of cbbL genes could be detected. In contrast, the “green-like” type of cbbL could not be measured by the applied technique. Surprisingly, a reduction of “red-like” cbbL genes copies was observed in bulk soil and rhizosphere samples from the sites with the highest CO2 concentrations. Furthermore, the diversity pattern of “red-like” cbbL genes changed depending on the CO2 regime. This indicates that only a part of the autotrophic CO2 -fixing microbes could adapt to the very high CO2 concentrations and adverse life conditions that are governed by mofette gaseous regime.
Description9 pages, 4 figures, 3 tables, 27 references.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00248-008-9442-3
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/82619
DOI10.1007/s00248-008-9442-3
ISSN0095-3628
E-ISSN1432-184X
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