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Title

Understanding pulp delignification by Laccase−Mediator Systems through isolation and characterization of lignin−carbohydrate complexes

AuthorsDu, Xueyu; Li, Jiebing; Gellerstedt, Göran; Rencoret, Jorge CSIC ORCID; Río Andrade, José Carlos del CSIC ORCID ; Río Andrade, José Carlos del CSIC ORCID ; Martínez, Ángel T. CSIC ORCID ; Gutiérrez Suárez, Ana CSIC ORCID
KeywordsEucalyptus
Pulp
Delignification
Laccase-mediator system
Lignin-carbohydrate complex
Thioacydolysis
Py-GC/MS
Issue Date9-Jul-2013
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationBiomacromolecules 14(9): 3073−3080 (2013)
AbstractThe effects and mechanism of pulp delignification by laccases in the presence of redox mediators have been investigated on unbleached eucalyptus kraft pulp treated with laccases from Pycnoporus cinnabarinus (PcL) and Myceliophthora thermophila (MtL) and 1-hydroxybenzotriazole (HBT) and methyl syringate (MeS) as mediators, respectively. Determination of the corrected κ number in eucalyptus pulps after the enzymatic treatments revealed that the PcL−HBT system exhibited a more remarkable delignification effect than the MtL−MeS system. To obtain further insight, lignin−carbohydrate complexes were fractionated and subsequently characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance, thioacidolysis (followed by gas chromatography and size exclusion chromatography), and pyrolysis−gas chromatography−mass spectrometry (pyrolysis−GC−MS) analyses before and after the enzymatic treatments and their controls. We can conclude that the laccase−mediator treatments altered the lignin structures in such a way that more lignin was recovered in the xylan−lignin fractions, as shown by Klason lignin estimation, with smaller amounts of both syringyl (S) and guaiacyl (G) uncondensed units, as shown by thioacidolysis and gas chromatography, especially after the PcL−HBT treatment. The laccase−mediator treatment produced oxidation at Cα and cleavage of Cα and Cβ bonds in pulp lignin, as shown by pyrolysis−GC−MS. The general mechanism of residual lignin degradation in the pulp by laccase−mediator treatments is discussed in light of the results obtained.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bm4006936
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/82487
DOI10.1021/bm4006936
ISSN1525-7797
E-ISSN1526-4602
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(CIB) Artículos

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