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Biochemical and genetic studies of two Heterodera avenae resistance genes transferred from Aegilops ventricosa to wheat

AuthorsMontes, M.J.; López-Braña, I.; Romero, M. Dolores; Sin, Esther; Andrés, Mª Fé ; Martín-Sánchez, J.A.; Delibes, Ángeles
KeywordsAntioxidant enzymes
Cereal cyst nematode (CCN)
Disease resistance genes
Issue Date20-May-2003
CitationTheoretical and Applied Genetics 107:611–618 (2003)
AbstractTwo Heterodera avenae resistance genes, Cre2 from Aegilops ventricosa AP-1 and Cre5 from Ae. ventricosa #10, were shown to confer a high level of resistance to the Spanish pathotype Ha71. No susceptible plants were found in the F2 progeny from the cross between the two accessions of Ae. ventricosa, suggesting that their respective resistance factors were allelic. However, genes Cre2 and Cre5 apparently were transferred to a different chromosomal location in the wheat line H-93-8 and in the 6Mv(6D) substitution, respectively, as proved by F2 segregation of their cross progeny. The induction of several defence responses during early infection by the same H. avenae pathotype in resistant lines carrying Cre2 or Cre5 genes was studied. Isoelectrofocusing (IEF) isozyme analysis revealed that peroxidase, esterase and superoxide dismutase activity increased after nematode infection, in roots of resistant lines in comparison with their susceptible parents. Differential induced isoforms were also identified when IEF patterns of resistant lines were compared. A DNA marker, absent in Cre5-carrying genotypes, was found to be linked, thought not very tightly, to the Cre2 gene in the H-93-8 line. The differences observed between the Cre2 and Cre5 genes with respect to their chromosomal location in wheat introgression lines, detoxificant enzyme induction and behaviour against different pathotypes, suggest they are different H. avenae resistance sources for wheat breeding.
Description8 páginas, 5 figuras y 1 tabla estadística
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-003-1299-8
Appears in Collections:(ICA) Artículos
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