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dc.contributor.authorVargas, H.-
dc.contributor.authorGaspar-Escribano, Jorge M.-
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Gómez, José-
dc.contributor.authorWees, Jan-Diederik van-
dc.contributor.authorCloetingh, Sierd-
dc.contributor.authorHorra, Raúl de la-
dc.contributor.authorArche, Alfredo-
dc.description.abstractThe Permian–Triassic sediments of the Iberian Plate are a well studied case of classical Buntsandstein– Muschelkalk–Keuper facies, with good sedimentological interpretations and precise datings based on pollen and spore assemblages, ammonoids and foraminifera. Synrift–postrift cycles are recorded in these facies, but there are only a few studies of quantitative subsidence analysis (backstripping method) and only a previous one using forward modelling for the quantification of synrift–postrift phases of this period. Here we present the results obtained by the quantitative analysis of fourteen field sections and oil-well electric log records in the Iberian and Ebro Basins, Spain. Backstripping analysis showed five synrift phases of 1 to 3 million years duration followed by postrift periods for the Permian–Triassic interval. The duration, however, shows lateral variations and some of them are absent in the Ebro Basin. The forward modelling analysis, assuming local isostatic compensation, has been applied to each observation point using one-layer and twolayer lithospheric configurations. The second one shows a better fit between observation and model prediction in a systematic way, so a two layer configuration is assumed for the sedimentary basin filling analysis. Lithospheric stretching factors β and δ obtained in the forward modelling analysis are never higher than 1.2, but sometimes βb1 and simultaneously δN1 in the same section. If surficial extension is compensated by deep compression either at the roots of the rift basins or in far-away zones is not yet clear, but this anomaly can be explained using a simple shear extensional model for the Iberian and Ebro basins.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis is a contribution to Project CGL2005-01520/BTE and CGL2008- 00093 (Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology) and to the Grupo de Análisis de Cuencas (UCM). This is a Netherlands Research School of Sedimentary Geology Publication NSG. The contributions of the two anonymous reviewers are acknowledged here because they have improved a previous version of this paper. Long discussions during the preparation of this paper with Mariano Marzo (U. Barcelona) are also acknowledged.en_US
dc.format.extent2752909 bytes-
dc.subjectExtensional basinsen_US
dc.subjectForward modelingen_US
dc.subjectSubsidence analysisen_US
dc.titleA comparison of the Iberian and Ebro Basins during the Permian and Triassic, eastern Spain: A quantitative subsidence modelling approachen_US
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer revieweden_US
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