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Sensitivity analysis and non linear parameters estimation of porous materials from normal sound coefficient absorption measurements

AuthorsGaroum, M.; Idchabani, R.; Tajayouti, M.; Rhachi, M.; Moreno, Antonio
KeywordsPorous materials
Nonlinear parameter estimation
Characteristic impedance
Wave number
Sound absorption coefficient
Inverse estimation procedure
Issue DateJul-2008
PublisherSociété française d'acoustique
Acoustical Society of America
European Acoustics Association
CitationAcoustics '08 Paris Proceedings. Physical Acoustics (PA) ; Session: PA14/2 - Acoustics of Porous Media
AbstractIn literature, various models have been proposed in order to predict characteristic impedance Zc and wave number kc of porous materials. To use these models their involved nonacoustical parameters (i. e. flow resistivity, tortuosity porosityoe) are usually measured. Unfortunately measurements require specialised equipments and are often difficult on loose porous materials leading most often to erroneous values. Moreover, the inverse estimation of theses parameters from experimental data is not an easy task as believed. This is due to the non linearity of models and the presence of some parameters with weak and/or linearly dependent influences. In this work an approach based on the tradeoff between magnitude and linear independence of the sensitivity matrix components is presented in order to achieve an efficient ranking of parameters according to their inherent ease of estimation. Next this approach is associated to Genetic Algorithms to minimize the least squares norm between measured and modelled normal sound absorption coefficient. For five widely used models in literatures, the application of the proposed inverse estimation procedure on loose granular cork and vegetable fibres, shows that, unlike classical gradient approaches methods, better estimation has been obtained.
DescriptionCommunication presented at: Acoustics '08 (Paris, France, June 29-July 4, 2008), comprising: 5th Forum Acusticum, 155th ASA Meeting, 9e Congrès Français d'Acoustique, 7th European Conference on Noise Control (Euronoise), 9th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics (ECUA).-- Book of abstracts published in Vol. 94 Suppl.1: S1-S1020 (May/June 2008) of Acta Acustica united with Acustica: The Journal of the European Acoustics Association (ISSN 1610-1928).
Appears in Collections:(IA) Comunicaciones congresos
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