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Title

Chronology and tectono-sedimentary evolution of the Upper Pliocene to Quaternary deposits of the lower Guadalquivir foreland basin, SW Spain

AuthorsSalvany, J. M.; Larrasoaña, Juan C. ; Mediavilla, C.; Rebollo, A.
AdvisorForeland basin
KeywordsGuadalquivir basin
Pliocene
Quaternary
Forebulge
Neotectonics
Issue Date2011
PublisherElsevier
CitationSedimentary Geology 241: 22- 39 (2011)
AbstractThis paper presents new litho, chrono and magnetostratigraphic data from cores of 23 exploratory boreholes drilled in the Abalario and marshlands areas of the lower Guadalquivir basin (the western sector of the Guadalquivir foreland basin, SW of Spain). The lithologic logs of these boreholes identify four main sedimentary formations, namely: Almonte Sand and Gravel, Lebrija Clay and Gravel, Marismas Clay and Abalario Sand, respectively interpreted as proximal-alluvial, distal-alluvial, alluvial-estuarine and aeolian. From radiocarbon and magnetostratigraphic data, these formations were dated as Upper Pliocene to Holocene. In the marshlands area, three main sedimentary sequences are present: an Upper Pliocene to Lower Pleistocene sequence of the Almonte and Lebrija (lower unit) formations, a Pleistocene sequence of the Lebrija (upper unit) and the lower Marismas formations, and a latest Pleistocene to present-day sequence of the upper Marismas Formation. The three sequences began as a rapid alluvial progradation on a previously eroded surface, and a subsequent alluvial retrogradation. In the third sequence, estuarine and marsh sediments accumulated on top of the alluvial sediments. The aeolian sands of the Abalario topographic high developed coeval to alluvial and estuarine sedimentation after the first alluvial progradation, and continuously until the present. Correlation with the surrounding areas show that the sequences are the result of the forebulge uplift of the northern margin of the basin (Sierra Morena) and the adjacent Neogene oldest sediments of their northern fringe, both form the main source area of the study formations. This uplift occurred simultaneous to the flexural subsidence (SSE tilting) of the southern part of the basin, where sedimentary aggradation dominated. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2011.09.009
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/81574
DOI10.1016/j.sedgeo.2011.09.009
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2011.09.009
issn: 0037-0738
Appears in Collections:(ICTJA) Artículos
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