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Calcium-dependent expression of TNF-α in neural cells is mediated by the calcineurin/NFAT pathway

AuthorsCanellada, Andrea; Cano, Eva; Sánchez-Ruiloba, Lucía; Zafra, Francisco ; Redondo, Juan Miguel
Issue Date2006
CitationMolecular and Cellular Neurosciences 31(4): 692-701 (2006)
AbstractWe report induction of TNF-α via the calcium/calcineurin/NFAT pathway in PC12 neural cells. In PC12, expression of TNF-α mRNA, protein and TNF-α gene promoter activity was induced by co-stimulation with phorbol ester and either calcium ionophore A23187 or the L-type Voltage Gated Calcium Channel agonist Bay K 8644. Pre-treatment with calcineurin inhibitors CsA or FK506 inhibited the dominant calcium-dependent component of this induction, limiting it to the level achieved with phorbol ester alone. Promoter activation by Bay was abolished by nifedipine, a specific inhibitor of L-type Voltage Gated Calcium Channels. Exogenous NFAT protein transactivated the TNF-α promoter, and the peptide VIVIT-a specific inhibitor of calcineurin/NFAT binding-blocked calcium-inducible transactivation of the TNF-α promoter. Given proposed functions of TNF-α in spatial learning, memory and the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, the data presented suggest an important role for calcineurin/NFAT signaling in these key neurological processes. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2005.12.008
issn: 1044-7431
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