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Possible reasons for relative salt stress tolerance in nodules of white lupin cv. Multolupa

AuthorsFernández-Pascual, Mercedes ; Lorenzo, C. de; Felipe, Mª Rosario de; Rajalakshmi, S.; Gordon, A.J.; Thomas, B.J.; Minchin, F.R.
KeywordsSalt stress
Nnitrogen fixation,
Oxygen diffusion
Lupinus albus
Issue Date1996
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationJournal of Experimental Botany 47(304): 1709-1716 (1996)
AbstractThe effects of different NaCl concentrations on the growth and nitrogen fixation activity of white lupin (Lupinus albus [L.]) was studied over a 6 d period. Plant growth parameters, photosynthesis and shoot respiration were unaffected by NaCI concentrations up to 150 mol m-3. However, nitrogenase activity decreased with increased NaCI concentration up to 100 mol m-3, whilst the 02 diffusion resistance increased with 100 mol m-3 NaCl, but showed no further change when 150 mol m-3 NaCl was applied for 6 d. Increases in NaCl concentration decreased nodular starch content while increasing sucrose content, suggesting an osmotic regulation. These changes were associated with a 77% decrease in sucrose synthase activity. The effect on the O2 diffusion resistance was paralleled by changes in glycoprotein content of the nodules, as determined by immunogold localization and ELISA. X-ray microanalysis studies of nodules showed that, following a 6d exposure to 150 mol m-3 NaCl, Na+ ions were largely excluded from the infected zone, whilst only low levels of Cl- ions penetrated into this region. Na+ entry into roots and leaves was also at a low level. Leghaemoglobin content decreased with saline stress, as did superoxide dismutase; which decreased by 36% following exposure to 100 mol m-3 salt for 6 d. These results are discussed in relation to the relative salt tolerance of the Multolupa/ISLU-16 symbiosis.
Description8 páginas, 1 figura, 2 fotografías y 6 tablas estadísticas
Appears in Collections:(ICA) Artículos
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